Vietnam War Veteran’s Site – Welcome

vietnam war veteransThank you for visiting Viet Nam Veteran’s Site. This site was designed to commemorate the thousands of men & women who served their country through their involvement in what many have called “the most unpopular war in American History.”

The Vietnam War in Vietnam also known as the American War, also known as the Second Indochina War, was a Cold War-era proxy war that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from December 1956 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975. This war followed the First Indochina War and was fought between North Vietnam—supported by the Soviet Union, China and other communist allies—and the government of South Vietnam—supported by the United States and other anti-communist countries. The Viet Cong (also known as the National Liberation Front, or NLF), a lightly armed South Vietnamese communist common front directed by the North, fought a guerrilla war against anti-communist forces in the region. The People’s Army of Vietnam (a.k.a. the North Vietnamese Army) engaged in a more conventional war, at times committing large units into battle. As the war wore on, the part of the Viet Cong in the fighting decreased as the role of the NVA grew. U.S. and South Vietnamese forces relied on air superiority and overwhelming firepower to conduct search and destroy operations, involving ground forces, artillery, and airstrikes. In the course of the war, the U.S. conducted a large-scale strategic bombing campaign against North Vietnam, and over time the North Vietnamese airspace became the most heavily defended airspace of any in the world.

The U.S. government viewed American involvement in the war as a way to prevent a Communist takeover of South Vietnam. This was part of a wider containment strategy, with the stated aim of stopping the spread of communism. According to the U.S. domino theory, if one state went Communist, other states in the region would follow, and U.S. policy thus held that accommodation to the spread of Communist rule across all of Vietnam was unacceptable. The North Vietnamese government and the Viet Cong were fighting to reunify Vietnam under communist rule. They viewed the conflict as a colonial war, fought initially against forces from France and then America, as France was backed by the U.S., and later against South Vietnam, which it regarded as a U.S. puppet state. Beginning in 1950, American militaryadvisors arrived in what was then French Indochina. U.S. involvement escalated in the early 1960s, with troop levels tripling in 1961 and again in 1962. U.S. involvement escalated further following the 1964 Gulf of Tonkin incident, in which a U.S. destroyer clashed with North Vietnamese fast attack craft, which was followed by the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, which gave the U.S. president authorization to increase U.S. military presence. Regular U.S. combat units were deployed beginning in 1965. Operations crossed international borders: bordering areas of Laos and Cambodia were heavily bombed by U.S. forces as American involvement in the war peaked in 1968, the same year that the Communist side launched the Tet Offensive.

The Tet Offensive failed in its goal of overthrowing the South Vietnamese government but became the turning point in the war, as it showed that South Vietnam was unable to fend for itself against the North, despite many years of massive U.S. military aid. As the point of U.S. victory was indeterminate, U.S. ground forces were gradually withdrawn as part of a policy known as Vietnamization, which aimed to end American involvement in the war while transferring the task of fighting the Communists to the South Vietnamese themselves. Despite the Paris Peace Accord, which was signed by all parties in January 1973, the fighting continued.

In the U.S. and the Western world, a large anti-Vietnam War movement developed. This movement was both part of a larger Counterculture of the 1960s and also fed into it.

Direct U.S. military involvement ended on 15 August 1973 as a result of the Case–Church Amendment passed by the U.S. Congress. The capture of Saigon at the hands of the North Vietnamese Army in April 1975 marked the end of the war, and North and South Vietnam were reunified the following year. The war exacted a huge human cost in terms of fatalities (see Vietnam War casualties). Estimates of the number of Vietnamese service members and civilians killed vary from 800,000 to 3.1 million. Some 200,000–300,000 Cambodians20,000–200,000 Laotiansand 58,220 U.S. service members also died in the conflict.

(source wikipedia.org)

‘The Lucky One’

‘The Lucky One’
Movies

(PG-13, 1:41) In the latest Nicholas Sparks Movie — by now a genre in its own right — Zac Efron plays a veteran of the Iraq war who travels to Louisiana bayou on a mystical quest, the object of which is a beautiful young woman (Taylor Schilling). Directed by Scott Hicks, the film delivers spiritually inflected romantic melodrama with a measure of grace and the usual heavy dose of improbability.

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China’s efforts in the Vietnam War

China’s efforts in the Vietnam War

China then proceeded to send in more aid to help North Vietnam defend itself in the form of naval defense systems and bases in 1963 in the form of People’s Liberation Army personnel and advisors. August of 1964 saw the Gulf of Tonkin incident, which in effect, marked the beginning of direct combat between North Vietnam and the U.S (Prados). China, keenly observing every move of the U.S assault, was ready to intervene so long as the war was correctly interpreted as reaching its borders. Lyndon B. Johnson, president at the time wanted to keep the war limited for this very reason, and therefore refused to invade Laos and North Vietnam in direct conflict with advice from the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Pacific Command or American Commanders in South Vietnam, correctly reading China’s anticipation. Further instigation was provided when several Chinese were killed in bombing raids in Laos. Vietnamese chief of staff General Van Tien Dung, in response to this, went to Beijing to ask for support, which was assured in case North Vietnam was invaded. A month later in August, U.S bombed North Vietnam, and the Chinese started taking charge by initiating countermeasure plans in Hanoi, starting with the second Tonkin Gulf incident, which rather strangely China claims never happened.

Nevertheless, efforts were underway to strengthen Chinese backup near Vietnam.

It sent the Democratic Republic of Vietnam thirty-six MiG-15 and MiG-17 jet fighters (Prados) while continuing military need assessments.

Such assessments by the People’s Liberation Army chiefs rejected the idea of full scale war with the U.S but to boost preparations nevertheless. As a result, the headquarters of the 7th Air Corps was moved from Guangdong to Nanning, Anti-aircraft divisions reengaged, and a naval fighter division was deployed to Hainan.

Air and ground divisions were further enhanced and put on high alert, eight further air combatants plus an all-weather fighting force was reserved as backup  (Prados, J). The Guangxi Province alone saw a major rise in equipment, almost tripling its radar systems from 36 in 1964 to 94 1965.  At this point, both Vietnamese and Chinese generals had collaborated and decided to confine the war to South Vietnam, in order to prevent a full scale one. A division was subsequently deployed to South Vietnam, which caused severe damage to American bases at Pleiku and Qui Nhon, causing the U.S to engage ground troops on a much larger scale.

 

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BOOKS OF THE TIMES; Brokaw Explores Another Turning Point, the ’60s

BOOKS OF THE TIMES; Brokaw Explores Another Turning Point, the '60s

Date: 2007-11-05 , By JANET MASLIN

Tom Brokaw’s ”Boom!” orchestrates a baby-boom epiphany. It stages a virtual reunion of America’s Class of 1968, accompanied by a full spectrum of opinions about the impact of that pivotal year. Although he describes his role in this process as that of moderator and class president, there’s more to it than that. Mr. Brokaw serves as a latter-day

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‘The Master’

‘The Master’
Movies

(R, 2:17) Confounding and amazing, Paul Thomas Anderson’s latest film explores the relationship between a cult leader (Philip Seymour Hoffman) and a shellshocked veteran of World War II (Joaquin Phoenix). Must be seen to be believed, and wrestled with for a long time after.

Start from : 2012-09-14T04:00:00.257Z . On every mon,tue,wed,thu,fri,sat,sun,.

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BELIEFS; One Week in Prison, the Library Included

Date: 2007-09-29 , By PETER STEINFELS

As far as a week in prison goes, it wasn’t at all bad. It was another time, of course — April 1971 — and another war. But the memory comes back thanks to an on-again-off-again decision by the federal Bureau of Prisons: to purge prison chapel libraries of books excluded from a list of approved texts that was drawn up to protect against incitement

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